Cationic Fabric is a type of cotton fabric that can be dyed with salt-free reactive dyes. It has the advantages of low chemical consumption and short steaming time, as well as good color fastness.
However, it’s important to note that cationic fabrics may shrink in the wash. This is because the heat and agitation can damage the fibers and cause them to contract.
1. Two-color effect
The cationic process can be applied to cotton in fiber, yarn and fabric form. This allows a single base cloth to produce many colors, which reduces product SKUs and finished inventory. It also allows manufacturers to respond quickly to shifts in consumer demand.
Cationic Fabric has good water absorption and dyeing tank difference, which is mainly used in sports clothes, such as sweatshirts, sweatpants, yoga pants, etc. If cationic fabrics are thicker, they can be used for warm clothing, such as jackets and winter clothes.
The prepared cationic polymer P[DMDAAC-AGE] can be flocculated to the dyeing wastewater to avoid secondary pollution, making it a promising material for a salt-free and eco-friendly dyeing process. Moreover, it can be used to replace two-color yarn-dyed fabrics to reduce the cost of the fabric. Hence, cationic fabric is a great choice for the backpack customization industry. It can help to save money and make the bags more attractive to consumers.
2. Good abrasion resistance
Cationic fabric is a polyester fabric with cationic dyeable sulfonic acid groups that improve the fabric’s dyeing characteristics. The cationic treatment allows the fabric to absorb dyes more efficiently, so less agitation is needed during the dyeing process. This results in a more even color and less abraded fabric. The cationic treatment also increases the fiber’s dyeing rate, gas permeability, and moisture absorption, making it a more comfortable material to wear.
The abrasion resistance of cationic fabrics is second only to nylon. This means that cationic fabrics are very durable and can be used for a variety of clothing styles. Cationic fabrics can be mixed with other artificial fibers, such as polyester and spandex, to achieve different effects.
Cationic fabric is ideal for Tees, sports suits, and hoodies. It is a lightweight and soft fabric that looks special when printed with colorful patterns. Its heather gray color is trendy and can match any color. The breathable cationic fabric helps drive sweat away from the skin, so it won’t feel stuffy.
3. Comfortable to wear
Cationic Fabric is soft to the touch, comfortable against the skin and is very light. It is also wrinkle-resistant and offers impeccable drapes. It is easy to wash and dries quickly. It is also hypoallergenic and does not lose its softness after repeated washings.
Cations are positively charged and are attracted to negatively-charged fibers, which bond with them to form a colorfast fabric. Cationic dyes are also water-resistant and offer excellent stain resistance, which makes them ideal for heavy-duty fabrics like tees, dresses and sportswear.
Because cationic fabric feels soft to the touch and has bright colors, its effect is similar to that of natural fabrics. It also has good elasticity and hygienic properties, making it suitable for high-grade underwear and swimwear fabrics. It is also very durable and can withstand high-speed movement and rough conditions. If the cationic fabric is thicker, coupled with its good brushing effect, it can be made into warm clothing such as sweaters, sweatpants and yoga clothes, etc.
4. Environmentally friendly
Cationic Fabric has a lot of advantages, such as it feels soft to the touch, has a beautiful color, and can be used for a wide range of clothing. It's also environmentally friendly. It doesn't use a large amount of chemicals, and it is less toxic than other fabrics. It also is resistant to alkali and can be washed with water without being damaged.
In a recent study, researchers developed a bifunctional cationic polymer that can be used to dye cotton fabric. The cationic polymer was synthesized by free radical copolymerization of dimethyl diallyl ammonium chloride and allyl glycidyl ether, and its characterization was confirmed using Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). The resulting modified cotton fabrics could be salt-free dyed with reactive dyes and showed satisfactory color fastness and leveling properties. In addition, the cationic polymer was found to have good flocculating properties, allowing it to be reused for the treatment of dyeing wastewater. This demonstrates that the fabricated cationic polymer has great potential for improving textile dyeing.