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How to distinguish common fabrics 2022.10.19

There are many people who don’t know much about buying clothes. Many of them are good-looking, but in fact, the fabric is also very important. The fabric is not only related to the body feeling, but a good fabric can actually show a person’s taste better than the style.

So, how many kinds of good fabrics are there? Everyone must have summed up these when buying clothes. The fabrics are roughly divided into: natural fibers, regenerated cellulose fibers and synthetic fibers.

But in fact, each type can be quite sophisticated.

Natural fibers include: cotton, hemp, wool, and silk, which are the four traditional natural fibers, which belong to plant fibers and animal fibers.

Plant fiber, composed of cellulose and lignin, is generally afraid of acid but not alkali. Alkaline soap or neutral lotion can be used for washing.

Animal fibers, mainly composed of protein, are easily denatured in an acid-alkali environment, so animal fibers are not suitable for cleaning with acid-base detergents. It is best to dry clean or use neutral detergents, and bleaching agents cannot be used.

Cellulose fabrics such as cotton, linen, and wool are hydrophilic, and in the dyeing process, the tension is caused by the skew in the form, and after washing, it is easy to swell and shrink.

Plant fibers include Cotton (CO), Jute, Flax/Linen, and Ramie, each with advantages and disadvantages.

And animal fibers include, wool fiber Wool, silk Silk (SE).

The second category is regenerated cellulose fibers, which are regenerated fibers made of natural cellulose by chemical methods.

In the U.S. FTC fiber classification, all materials that use regenerated fiber molecules as raw materials, and the hydrogen content in the hydroxyl group does not exceed 15%, belong to Rayon,

The third category is synthetic fibers; in synthetic fibers, there are many hydrophobic substances, which will generate static electricity due to friction during wearing, and because the dust in the air will be attracted by static electricity, so they are easily polluted.

Synthetic fibers generally include: nylon (Nylon), polyester (Terylene), acrylic fiber (jīng), vinylon, spandex (Spandex), aramid (Aramid).