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Introduction to Common Clothing Fabric Materials 2022.11.18

1. Bamboo fiber bamboos: Bamboo fiber is a green environmental protection material extracted from raw bamboo. It contains natural bamboo honey and pectin, which is beneficial to human skin health. It has the characteristics of acarid prevention, odor prevention, insect prevention and negative ion generation, and can effectively block ultraviolet radiation on human body without any irritation to skin. Antioxidant compounds can effectively eliminate free radicals and ester peroxides in the body, and block the strong carcinogen N-nitrosamine compounds, which can not only significantly improve the immune capacity of the body, but also have the biological effects of nourishing the skin, anti fatigue and anti-aging. Due to the natural antibacterial function of bamboo fiber products, the products made of bamboo fiber do not need to add any synthetic antibacterial agents, and will not cause skin allergy. The function of bamboo fiber textiles to keep warm in winter and cool in summer is incomparable with other fibers. It is called a "breathing fiber" by experts in the industry, and is lauded as the "fiber queen".

2. Silk: It generally refers to natural silk, including mulberry silk, tussah silk, castor silk, cassava silk, etc., which can be woven into fabrics of different textures, with high fineness as the top grade. All silk fabric has elegant luster and soft feel. The chemical fiber fabric is bright, dazzling and hard to handle. Although some silk like fabrics have been de stiffened and have a soft feel, the silk surface is dark and has no pearl luster. In addition, silk products should feel slightly scratched. When rubbing with each other, you can hear a crisp sound, that is, "silking", while fabrics made of other materials do not; When the silk thread of the fabric is drawn and ignited, the silk with the smell of burnt hair is real silk, and the rayon with the smell of plastic. 3. Cashmere: It is the bottom fine wool from goats. Cashmere fiber is thin and soft. Its fabric is soft, slippery, waxy and glossy, which is much lighter than wool fabric of the same thickness, and is mostly of suede style. Generally speaking, light colored cashmere overcoats are mostly from white wool, with good quality; The dark ones are mostly from purple velvet or blue velvet, and the quality is slightly inferior. The so-called "cashmere" in the market is not really cashmere.

3. Cashmere: It is the bottom fine wool from goats. Cashmere fiber is thin and soft. Its fabric is soft, slippery, waxy and glossy, which is much lighter than wool fabric of the same thickness, and is mostly of suede style. Generally speaking, light colored cashmere overcoats are mostly from white wool, with good quality; The dark ones are mostly from purple velvet or blue velvet, and the quality is slightly inferior. The so-called "cashmere" in the market is not really cashmere.

4. modal: It is an ingredient containing natural bacteriostatic agent that can inhibit bacteria. The raw material is European beech, which is made by pulping and spinning. The raw material is 100% natural, harmless to human body, natural decomposition and environment. The luxury texture of natural fiber and the practicality of synthetic fiber are combined. It has the softness of cotton, the luster of silk, the smoothness of hemp, and its water absorption and air permeability are better than that of cotton.

5. Tencel: It is a solvent cellulose fiber. Its environmental protection features: raw materials come from wood, and wood is made into wood pulp completely under physical action, which is non-toxic and pollution-free. Tencel products can be biodegraded after use, and will not pollute the environment. Therefore, it is called the "21st Century Green Fiber" and has obtained the international green environmental protection certificate. a. Wrinkle resistance: keep smooth after repeated washing, no need to iron; b. Shrink proof: no shrinkage and deformation after washing; c. It feels soft, smooth and good; d. High moisture absorption and drainage performance; e. It has anti mildew and antibacterial functions, easy to maintain, and no pollution; f. The benign interaction with the human parasympathetic nerve can calm the nerves and help sleep, and reduce the human burden during exercise.

6. Merino wool merino, commonly known as Australian wool in China, is named after its origin in Australia. Its wool fiber is thin and long, enjoying a high reputation in the world, and it is the best breed of wool sheep.

7. Alpaca wool, also known as "camel wool", comes from an animal called "alpaca" (also known as "albaca"), also known as "Peruvian wool". There are two varieties of it. One is that the fiber is curly, with silver luster, and the other is that the fiber is straight, with less curl, and has a luster similar to mohair
Alpaca wool can not only keep moisture, but also effectively resist solar radiation. alpaca wool fiber contains pulp cavity visible under the microscope, so its warmth preservation performance is better than wool, cashmere and mohair. In addition, alpaca wool fiber has 17 kinds of natural colors, which is the most abundant natural color fiber among special animal fibers.

8. Viscose fiber viscos is made of natural wood, reed, cotton linter and other cellulose through chemical processing. It is the first chemical fiber variety put into industrial production in the world and can be spun into various textures.

9. The real mohair is mostly used for export, but in the domestic market, the puffy acrylic bulk yarn is often called "mohair" for sale, which generally leads to misunderstanding. Originating from Angora goat hair and Zhongwei goat hair in northwest China, it is a high-quality wool fiber with smooth surface, few curls, long and thick, soft and elegant luster like silk, excellent resilience, wear resistance and strength.

10. Rabbit hair: there are ordinary rabbit hair and angora rabbit hair, the latter is superior in quality. Because of its low strength, rabbit hair is not suitable for spinning alone, so it is often blended with other fibers

11. The daily consumption of cotton wool is the largest, so "wool" has become a general term for cotton wool. The count of wool is the basis for evaluating the grade and quality of wool. The higher the count, the better the quality, and the softer and more delicate.

12. Lambswool is lamb wool, which has a thick handle and is mostly made into thick sweaters, and is not suitable for close fitting wear. It is rarely used in European and American countries.

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